A History of the Rice Lake Indians by Mary Jane Muskratte Simpson

Treaty #77

The following is a record of the treaty known at Ottawa as Treaty #77:

Know all men by these presents that we, the undersigned, John Sunday, John Simpson, Jacob Sunday, John Pigeon, Joseph Skunk, Thomas Frasure, and James Indian; Chiefs and Principal members of that portion of the Mississauga Indians formerly living on Grape Island in Lake Ontario, but now settled and residing in the Township of Alnwick, in the Newcastle District, Province of Canada; in general council assembled, as well for ourselves as for each and every member of that portion of the Mississauga tribe of Indians to which we belong or form a part; for the consideration hereinafter mentioned and stipulated do hereby freely, fully and voluntarily surrender, convey and forever quit-claim to our most gracious Sovereign Lady Queen Victoria and her successors, in trust, to be sold or otherwise, to the best advantage to ourselves and our descendants for ever:-

All and singular those islands lying and situate in the "Bay of Quinte" in Lake Ontario, Weller's Bay, and in the River St. Lawrence; and also, all points and parcels of land claimed by us on the mainland which have not heretofore been ceded to the Crown, save and except the land claimed and now occupied by our tribe in the said Township of Alnwick; the principal arising from such sales to be safely funded and the interest accruing therefrom to be paid annually to us and our said descendants for all time to come.

This instrument must be immediately submitted for the consideration of our great father the Governor-General, and unless His Excellency is pleased to approve of the foregoing arrangement, it must be and remain null and void to all intents and purposes.

In Witness Whereof, we have hereunto set our hands, seals and totems at our village in Alnwick, this 19th day of June 1856.

Signed and sealed in our presence, after having been read and fully explained to the council. (signed) John S. Grafton

John Sunday (totem) (L.S.)
John Simpson (totem) (L.S.)
Jacob Sunday (totem) (L.S.)
John L. Grafton (totem) (L.S.) John Pigeon (totem) (L.S.)
John Storm (totem) (L.S.) Joseph Skunk (totem) (L.S.)
Thomas Marsden (totem) (L.S.) Thomas Frasure (totem) (L.S.)
John Rice (totem) (L.S.) James Indian (totem) (L.S.)

Interpreter. Certified to have been executed in my presence: T.G. Anderson, S.I.A.

I hereby certify that the foregoing surrender hath been this day entered upon the records of this office in Lib. C. S. Surrenders to the Crown, Folio 153 (signed) Thomas Amiot, Deputy Registrar, Provincial Registrar's Office, Toronto, 4th August 1856."

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Excerpt from 1877 treaty

In print the word "totem" is substituted for the sign or figure following the name of the Indian in the original surrender. It is understood that surrenders are made to the Crown unless otherwise stated.

Follows Treaty # 78:

Know all men by these presents that we, the undersigned, George Paudash, John Crowe, Robert Soper, Peter Nogee, John Bigman, Jacob Crane, James McCue, Peter Patchey, Isaac Irons, and Joseph Muskratte; Chiefs and Principal men forming a part of the Mississauga tribe of Indians settled and inhabiting the borders of Rice Lake, Mud Lake and Scugog Lake, in the Newcastle and Colborne Districts Province of Canada, in general council assembled; Do hereby freely, fully and voluntarily surrender, convey and forever quit-claim to our most gracious Sovereign Lady Queen Victoria and her successors, in trust, to be sold or otherwise disposed of to the best advantage for ourselves and our descendants forever.

All and singular the islands and mainland lying and situate in the Newcastle and Colborne Districts, including the islands in Rice Lake which have not heretofore been ceded to the Crown, save and except the lands now occupied by our tribe, and known as the Indian reservations on the borders of Rice, Mud, and Scugog Lakes in the aforesaid districts, the principal arising from such sales to be safely funded and the interest accruing therefrom to be paid annually to us and our said descendants for all time to come.

This instrument must be immediately submitted for the consideration of our great father the Governor-General, and unless His Excellency is pleased to approve of the foregoing arrangement, it must be and remain null and void to all intents and purposes."

In Witness Whereof, we have hereunto set our hand and seals and totems at Mud Lake, this 24th; day of June. A.D. 1856.

Signed and sealed in our presence, after having been read and fully explained to the council.

George Paudash (totem) (L.S.) John Crowe (totem) (L.S.)
Robert Soper (totem) (L.S.) Peter Nogee (totem) (L.S.)
John Bigman (totem) (L.S.) Jacob Crane (totem) (L.S.)
James McCue (totem) (L.S.) Peter Patchey (totem) (L.S.)
Isaac Irons (totem) (L.S.) Joseph Muskratte (totem) (L.S.)

Signed also by John Short, Luke T. Skye, John Fawn, James Schofield, William Marsden, Jacob Crane Jr; and M.G. Paudaush, Interpreter. Certified to have been executed in my presence; T.G. Anderson, S.l.A. Certificate of Registry, signed by Amiot as in #77, folio 154.

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